Introduction to Hainan

Hainan is China’s only tropical island, and is known around the world as "the world's most beautiful island". It has many names, such as Coconut Island, Sunshine Island, Longevity Island, and Health Island etc. Hainan is one a few destinations perfect for for year-round summer holidays, winter swimming and a variety of other activities. Now Hainan is taking great strides towards the grand goal of building an international tourist island. As Enríquez Savignac, the former Secretary-General of the United Nations World Tourism Organization once said: "Hainan is a masterpiece of the Creator, a brilliant pearl for all mankind".

 
Hainan Island lies at the southern tip of China. Far from the mainland, it was named "the Edge of the Earth" in ancient times. However the island has advantageous geographical prospects. It is situated right at the center of the Asian-Pacific Economic Ring and lies just across the Qingzhou Strait from Guangdong Province to the North and across the Gulf of Tonkin from Vietnam to the West. The island is neighbored by Hong Kong in the east and Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines in the south. All the above countries and territories can be reached by a one to four hour flight from Hainan.

Hainan Island is the second largest island in China, covering 35,100 square kilometers of land and governing an ocean territory of over 2.1 million square kilometers. Eight cities come under the jurisdiction of Hainan Province: Haikou, Sanya, Wenchang, Qionghai, Wanning, Wuzhishan, Danzhou and Dongfang. Hainan has four counties: Anding, Tunchang, Chengmai and Linggao and six autonomous counties: Lingshui, Qiongzhong, Baoting, Ledong, Baisha and Changjiang. There are county-level representative offices in the Xisha (Paracel) Islands, Nansha (Spratly) Islands and Zhongsha (Macclesfield Bank) Islands. The province has a population of 8.5 million, including 1.3 million people of ethnic minorities, such as the Li and Miao peoples and the Hui Muslims. Haikou is the capital and largest city of Hainan Province.
 
The island lies in a region at 18°9'-20°11' northern latitude and 108°36'-111°03' eastern longitude, between the tropical and sub-tropical areas. The island has a pleasant climate, bright sunshine, fresh air, green coconut groves, beautiful bays, Natural Ocean swimming spots, fine beaches, soft breezes and tasty seafood. In addition, on the island there are pure and fresh hot springs, golf courses that operate all year around, many varieties of tropical plants and animals, quality fruits available throughout the year, and local specialty cuisine such as bamboo rice and rice liquor. Minority festivals are celebrated throughout the island and there is a legacy of legendary folklore. The beautiful scenery of the island has inspired countless poems and songs.
 
In 1988, Hainan Province was established as a Special Economic Zone. Under new aviation policies, Hainan has become China's most liberal special aerial zone. Under free skies, the aviation industry in Hainan has seen an even faster growth in international airlines, from 5 to 61. The number of domestic airlines has increased from 5 to 38. Driven by the aviation industry, tourism in Hainan has developed, and basic infrastructure and reception facilities have vastly improved on the island. The province has more than 380 hotels, guest houses and resort villages with more than 30 thousand rooms and 60 thousand beds. Among them are 288 star-rated hotels, including 20 five-star hotels, 53 four-star hotels and 109 three- star hotels. There are more than 140 travel agencies, including 40 international travel service providers. In total there are 80-plus tourist sites, among which 22 have received the highest ranking available from the Chinese National Tourism Administration. Hainan has over 60 beaches suitable for swimming. In addition, scuba diving can be done along the coast. A total of 30 golf courses and clubs have been built. Modern transportation and communication facilities are available, including Haikou Meilan International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport, the expressway around the island and Guangdong-Haikou Railway. First-class lodging and accommodation facilities, transportation, sightseeing, shopping and entertainment are also available. On December 31, 2009, the paper "Suggestions concerning the promotion of construction and development of Hainan as an International Tourism Island by the State Council" was formally released, symbolizing that the construction of Hainan has risen to a national strategy. The most important historical opportunity for development has arrived since the province founding and SEZ establishment in 1988. Hainan will be constructed into an island with a rich ecological environment, unique and fascinating culture and social harmony, an island which is open, environmental friendly, civilized and harmonious. At present, the focus is on developing a leisurely vacation spot with the target of building the island into a tropical beach holiday resort in an eco-friendly environment with densely planted palm trees and fresh flowers. This target will soon be realized, bringing a new, healthier look to the island.
 
Hainan Island is the right place for realizing the dream of "returning to nature". In recent years, the island has provided many varieties of tourist products, all of which aim to offer people an opportunity to "return to nature". Through an integration of tourism resources across the province, the following eight major tour types are available: Tropical Beach Vacations, Folk Customs of the Li and Miao Peoples, Hot Spring and Health Tours, Tropical Plant and Animal Observation Tours, Scuba Diving and Sightseeing Tours, Geological Tours, Sports and Fitness Tours and Tropical River Rafting Tours, all of which will take tourists back to nature. The Ecological Country Tour has become a popular option, thanks to its unique charm.
 
Dear Travelers, come to Hainan in order to return to nature. You may go to the beach or the mountains, or visit ancient relics or simply take a business trip to seek an opportunity for your enterprise. We are sure that your trip will become a cherished life-long memory!


City Information
Best Travel Season
All year round
 
Destination Climate:
Hainan has a tropical monsoon climate. Its average annual temperature is 22-26°C (71-79°F) and the temperature is coldest in January and February when it averages around 16-21°C (61-70°F). Because of the 1750-2650 hours of sunshine it receives every year, Hainan can reap three harvests of rice and is an ideal place for growing out-of-season vegetables and breeding fine-strain seeds.

The annual precipitation in Hainan is 1,639 mm on average and the rainy season runs from May to October, contributing to 70-90% of the total rainfall. The three largest rivers, namely, the Nandu, Changhua and Wanquan Rivers, have a total water surface over 3,000 square kilometers and their valleys cover more than 10,000 square kilometers. The water surface of Hainan's reservoirs covers an area of 56,000 hectares. Reservoirs such as Songtao, Daguangba, Niululing, Wanning, Changmao and Shilu are among the largest.

Traffic Information
Airlines: Haikou Meilan International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport have flights to and from 39 cities in China and abroad. These include Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Xi'an, Changchun, Harbin, Dalian, Jinan, Qingdao, Yantai, Nanjing, Hefei, Ningbo, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Wenzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Kunming, Guiyang, Guilin, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, Shenzhen, Shantou, Zhanjiang, Beihai, Changzhou, Lanzhou, Hong Kong, Singapore, Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur. In addition, there are special mini-airliners that carry passengers to and from different destinations throughout the island.

Trains: The Guangdong-Hainan railway, which opened on July 1st, 2003, ended the history of Hainan being unconnected with the outside world by trains. Trains from Beijing to Hainan are also available.

Every day, there are regular departures from Beijing (T201/204, departure time 18:10, travel time: 35 hours), Shanghai (K511,departure time 09:50, travel time: 36.5 hours), and Guangzhou (K407, departure time 21:25, travel time: 15.25 hours) to Sanya. Although this isn't the fastest way to travel, it's a greener mode of transport than driving or flying. Furthermore, you will get the opportunity to enjoy the amazing views en route. For travelers with ample time who want to see more scenery on the way, the train is a good choice. One bonus of train travel is experiencing the cross-strait train ferry from Xuwen, Guangdong Province to Haikou, Hainan Island.

Shipping: Marine Transportation plays an important role in the transportation of Hainan because of its highly developed sea route system. The whole province boasts 68 natural bays, of which 24 are used as harbors. Haikou and Sanya are connected to 24 countries and regions in the world by sea routes, so it is convenient for tourists to travel by sea to Hainan from Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and abroad.

Roads: Expressways are the main means of transportation within Hainan, and at present the total length of expressways in Hainan is over 17,000 kilometers. Trunk lines link ports, cities and counties throughout the island whilst branch lines reach 318 villages and towns and all major tourist sites. Thanks to the round-island expressways, Haikou is just a three-hour drive from Sanya on the Hainan Eastern Expressway.

  

  

  

Resources from Government Official Website

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