Sanya history
In ancient times, Sanya was called Yazhou (the cliff state). Her history can be dated back to the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC, more than 2,200 years ago). Since then, it was always within various territories throughout the dynasties of China (as shown below). Being the tropical paradise of China and so far away from the capital; it is called Tianyahaijiao, which means the end of the sky and ocean in Chinese. Some Prime ministers in various dynasties were sent here in exile. In Tang Dynasty, an enlightened monk named Jiangzhen accidently sailed here and used this place as one of his harbors for his long Buddhism-missionary journey to Japan.

From the beginning of the history of China to 221 BC/ The reign of Yao, Shun, Yu Kings, Xia Dynasty, Shang Dynasty, Zhou Dynasty/The current Sanya area was recorded as part of the Baiyue Region of ancient China.

221 BC to  206 BC/ Qin Dynasty /The current Sanya area was a remote area which was adjacent to Xiang Shire.

 

202 BC to 420/ Han Dynasty/The current Sanya area was part of Zhuya Shire (Pearl Cliff Shire), and in the East Han Dynasty, Sanya was part of Zhuya County.


220—280 / Three Kindoms Period/In the Wu Kindom in the Three Kindoms Period, The current Sanya area was part of Zhuya Shire.
 
265—420/ Jin Dynasty /In Jin Dynasty, it was part of Hepu Province
 
420—589/ Southern and Northern Dynasties./ Yacheng (now part of Sanya) was established as the provincial administrative capital of Yazhou State in Liang Dynasty (AD502-557) in the period of Southern and Northern Dynasties.
 
581—618/ Sui Dynasty /Yacheng (now part of Sanya) became the administration center of the Linzhen Shire (with five counties).
 
618—907/ Tang Dynasty /Yacheng (now part of Sanya) was the administration center of the Zhen State (with Jiyang county and another four counties).
 
960—1276/ Song Dynasty/ Yacheng (now part of Sanya) was the administration center of Ya State (Cliff State). Ya State was renamed Zhuya Jun and then Jiyang Jun.
 
1271—1368/Yuan Dynasty/ Yacheng (now part of Sanya) was part of Qiongzhou Si and then the region of Libinwanghu Fu.
 
1368—1644/ Ming Dynasty/ Yacheng (now part of Sanya) was the administration center of the Ya State (Cliff State), which was under the administrative supervision of Qiong State and Guangdong Province.
 
1644—1911/ Qing Dynasty /Yacheng (now part of Sanya) was the administration center of the Ya State (Cliff State), which was under the administrative supervision of Qiong State and Guangdong Province. In 1905, the Ya State was renamed Zhili State.
 
1911-1949/ Republic of China /The Zhili State was renamed Ya County.
 
1949- present/ People’s Republic of China /Yacheng (now part of Sanya) was the administration center of Ya County. In 1984, Ya County was renamed Sanya .
 

On September 26, 1987, Sanya was established as a city (of Di administrative level) by the approval of the State Council of China.



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